Published: 09/10/2019

Bad breadth is the breath that smells unpleasant while exhaling. Bad breadth is embarrassing and may cause anxiety about social interactions. About 25 percent of people suffer from bad breadth. Some people are overly concerned about their breadth odour while others are blissfully unaware of how bad their breadth smells. According to dental records, it is estimated that bad breadth is the third most common reason people seek dental care professionals after tooth decay and gum diseases.

Common Reasons For Bad Breath

If you find you have bad breadth, consider checking your health and hygiene routine, and determine the cause. You may need to consult your physician, and your dentist to decide the cause of your bad breadth.

 Causes of bad breadth

The common factors that causes bad breadth are bad oral hygiene, gum diseases and infections in the mouth, Apart from these, there are respiratory tract infections, systemic diseases like diabetes and liver disease, gastrointestinal disease, digestive tract problems, dry mouth, tobacco and alcohol intake, and certain foods habits.

The list of conditions that cause bad breadth is long and will require seeking professional help. But among these causes there are a few causes which are most commonly found in most of the people suffering from bad breadth symptoms. The  following are the 5 most common reasons found to be responsible to cause bad breadth all across the world in maximum number of people.

  1. Poor oral hygiene

Bad oral hygiene is the most common factor to bring about bad breadth to people all across the countries. As is well known, brushing and flossing are the most important part of daily routine to keep your teeth and mouth healthy and germ free. Even with regular brushing, the food particles stick between the teeth, which will allow a colourless sticky film called plaque to form on the teeth. Plaque encourages bacteria to grow and fill pockets between the teeth and gums called periodontitis. These bacteria produce odours which come out as a bad breadth. The tongue also traps the plaque and odour causing bacteria which poses a problem of bad breadth. Even if you are wearing dentures, the lack of cleanliness will promote bacterial growth in the mouth which will result in bad breadth. Tooth decay, gum disease and mouth sores also produce bad breadth. Sometimes oral surgeries to extract a tooth or treat a gum disease also leave the moth with bad breadth.

  1. The food you eat

Second most common reason to cause bad breadth is the food you take in. The food you eat is cut into small pieces by teeth and is further chewed to break it down completely. This breakdown results in small particles sticking in and around the teeth and mouth which causes the bacteria which are already in the mouth to grow and multiply which creates bad odour that emanates from the mouth. Eating strong smelling food like garlic and onion and certain spices like asafoetida emits certain strong odours, which lingers in the mouth long after these substances have been eaten, and comes out as a bad breadth. Even after these foods have travelled to the stomach and digested by the digestive system, it enters into your blood stream and then gets carried into lungs, which in turn affects the breadth. The odour will not go away with brushing and flossing also, unless it has passed through the whole digestive system.

  1. Dry mouth

The third most common factor to cause bad breadth is dry mouth. Dry mouth is caused by lack of saliva, which keeps the mouth moist. Saliva helps cleanse the mouth by removing food particles. At night saliva is not produced, and dry moth occurs, which is why you get morning breadth which smells stale. If saliva is not produced for whatever medical reasons, the breadth will smell bad.

  1. Infections

There are other medical conditions like nose and throat infections. Mucous in the nose and sinusitis will also cause bad breadth. Similarly throat infections like small stones on the tonsillitis covered with bacteria may also cause odour. Infections in the nose, sinuses and throat may cause nasal drips also can lead to bad breadth. Some types metabolic disorders produce certain chemicals and chronic acidic reflux which results in bad odour in the mouth. Respiratory tract infections like pneumonia or bronchitis produce bad breadth too.

  1. Substance abuse

Tobacco, alcohol and substance abuse is a major cause of bad breadth. Apart from smokers, the oral tobacco users also suffer from bad breadth, because tobacco produces gum diseases which are the source of bad odour in the mouth.

There are other causes of bad breadth too which include yeast formation in the mouth. Yeast is formed in the mouth because of sugar substances stay for long enough for yeast to form and result in the bad odour.

When the dental appliances are not fitted properly, it may result in sore gums and bones, resulting in gum diseases and infections leading to bad breadth.

What can you so about bad breadth?

The first and foremost thing to so about bad breadth is to keep practicing good dental care habits. Good hygiene protects one from any and all dental problems. Brush and floss regularly. Change your toothbrush every 3 months, and after an illness. At least once a day remove plaque from between the teeth. Use an anti bacterial mouthwash. Clean and maintain dentures well. Remove them every night and clean thoroughly.

Regularly visit your dentist for teeth cleaning and oral exam. Stop smoking and chewing tobacco and reduce alcohol intake.

Drink lots of water to keep your mouth moist. Sugarless candy and sugarless chewing gum helps in producing saliva which helps in cleaning away bacteria and food particles from the mouth.

Diagnosing the reason for bad breadth is tricky. There are so many areas in the body that can produce bad breadth that you need to take the help of your family physician who will guide you the right specialist after making preliminary tests.

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