Like all the features of our body and personality, we inherit our teeth structure also from our parents and ancestors. Many of us are born with teeth which are not exactly symmetrical, or of the same size or in the same line. A baby is born with no teeth but by the end of 3 years he has a full set of milk teeth. Then of course the milk teeth give way to permanent set of 32 teeth. The wisdom tooth breaks well into adulthood. All this process is not smooth for all children. Now, when children develop crooked or uneven teeth our dentist suggests way to correct the uneven or crooked teeth early in life.
But even adults can choose to get their teeth look even and beautiful with the help of cosmetic dentistry.
What is cosmetic dentistry?
Cosmetic dentistry, as the name suggests is procedures used to make cosmetic changes in the appearance of the teeth of people. The term cosmetic dentistry is used with reference to dental procedures that are followed to enhance the appearance of the face in general and teeth in particular.
The dental industry has progressed at an exceptional rate and now there is unbelievable options for the client to look and smile better. With the advanced tools and techniques, you can change and better appearance of your teeth, gums and bite. These cosmetic changes that are made in your appearance are done after taking into consideration the colour, shape and size of your teeth, and also how the change will prove to be better aesthetically.
Cosmetic dentistry can help all those people improve their smile who are born with crooked, misaligned, misshapen and uneven teeth. It also helps people who have stained or coloured teeth, or who have chipped or broken their teeth in accidents.
Cosmetic dentistry is a huge branch of dentistry which is growing very fast with helping people improve their smile and there by improve their personality.
What are some of the common procedures in cosmetic dentistry?
There are many options available now to improve your appearance by getting cosmetic dentistry done on your teeth. The major types of dental procedures followed to enhance and beautify your smile are: Teeth whitening, Dental implants, dental bonding, dental veneers, dental crowns and inlays and outlays.
Teeth whitening is a simple and least expensive of all methods for a better smile. In this procedure, the teeth are bleached with specially made products in the dentist’s office, or at home, with the products provided by the dentist. It can be done at home with products available online or over the counter. The most commonly used whitening products are teeth whitening gel, teeth whitening tooth paste or teeth whitening rinses. There are teeth whitening strips which can be pasted on the teeth for a little while and removed with care.
Dental implants are basically metal screw fitted into the jawbone and works as a root of the crown. The screw is made of titanium metal which once surgically inserted allows bone tissue to grow around it. Once the screw is surrounded by tissue it gets fused with the bone and is ready to support one or more crowns on top of it, and can take the pressure of chewing. Dental implants most expensive of all cosmetic dentistry procedures and usually lasts longer than other procedures. Dental implants give a more natural feel than other procedures.
Dental bonding is a cosmetic procedure to restore decayed teeth and repair crooked or misshapen teeth, also chipped or cracked teeth. Dental bonding will give you a beautiful smile, increasing your confidence level.
The dental bonding procedure is done with a soft tooth coloured plastic material which is made of a high grade composite resin. The dentist, while carrying out the procedure moulds the bonding material according to the need. The procedure usually is simple and anaesthesia is not needed in most cases unless there is decayed tooth and infection is present. The dentist first roughens the surface of the tooth with a special gel and then applies the composite material so that the bonding material sticks to the tooth. To make it more stable, ultraviolet light is applied on the tooth which will be then shaped and polished according to need.
Dental veneers are a cover on the original teeth. The veneers, or porcelain veneers as they are sometimes called are very thin laminates made of high grade tooth coloured porcelain or resin material. These laminated porcelain shells are put on to the original teeth and shaped according to the clients wishes and needs. Dental veneers are among expensive treatments but give extremely gorgeous smiles to the wearer.
Dental crowns are one of the most common procedures that is used in cosmetic dentistry. The crown is used when a tooth needs to be restored to its original strength after cavities are cleaned and need to be filled. Crowns are also used for cracked and weak teeth.
The crown is made from many materials including ceramics, porcelain, or composite resin. The material is given the hue of the tooth it is going to be used for. The dentist removes a thin portion from the original tooth so that the crown is fixed properly.
Inlays and onlays
Inlays and onlays were used to fill decayed teeth where cavities had created hollows. They were known as indirect fillings. Dental inlays are used today for the same work. Now dental inlays are made of porcelain or ceramic material or special composite resin which is strong and can be bonded to teeth. The process of bonding will make the tooth stronger and the inlay will be sealed to the tooth forever. Dental onlays fit inside the tooth cavity and additionally extend to surface of the back tooth to replace one or more cusps –ends of teeth. Unlike old times where only gold onlays were used, now tooth coloured onlay is used.