Removing teeth from its position in the socket is known as tooth extraction. This is considered a very important part of dental service as it helps to support dental health. Usually extractions are considered normal when milk teeth are removed to give way for permanent teeth. Besides this, there are some other conditions which require teeth extractions in order to support oral health.
Dentists examine the severity of the issue – infection, gum diseases, impacted teeth etc. to understand some of the underlying reasons. During dental consultations, dentists can find out the extent of the problem. As with every situation, dental health is given utmost importance, as preserving the overall oral health of the person is the aim of every dentist. After informing the patient about the details of the examination, discussions of treatment procedures are held.
Various methods that suit the needs of the patient are discussed. It is important that during these consultations, patients discuss all their concerns and doubts with the dentists. This can also include the treatment, the cost of treatment, recovery time and the aftercare and follow up that needs to be done.
What are the different types of tooth extraction?
Generally there are two types of tooth extraction. Simple and Surgical dental extraction. A Simple procedure is done with local anaesthesia and with simple tools. Easily accessible and visible teeth are removed in this simple procedure. Removal of milk teeth of children is one of the most common procedures in this category.
The Surgical dental procedure is a bit complicated and the teeth involved in this procedure are not easily accessible. More tools and procedures are required and done under general anaesthesia by an oral surgeon.
Supporting Dental Health
Dental health refers to the overall health of the oral region. Keeping the soft tissues injury free, keeping away infections and diseases and maintaining the health of the teeth and gums all comes under dental health. Unhealthy mouth and oral area can accelerate other health problems like heart diseases. Tooth extractions help to achieve good oral health and promote dental health.
Some of the common ones are discussed:
1. Irreparable Tooth damage and decay
Teeth get damaged due to a multitude of reasons. Causes could be the negligence of personal hygiene, food habits and lifestyle. Foods stick on the surface of teeth and these food particles invite bacteria. The bacteria work on the sugary food and releases acids which can erode the teeth.
Dental enamel gets attacked and if unchecked the teeth can get damaged. This damage can go till the internal pulp area. The root of the tooth can get affected and cause tooth decay. When it becomes impossible to save the teeth through dental procedures, then tooth extraction is recommended. If the decayed tooth is not removed, this damage can spread to the neighbouring teeth and also affect the gums. Dental health gets compromised and tooth extraction helps to maintain good oral health.
2. Gum Diseases
Unchecked bacterial growth which affects the oral region and removing the support offered by the surrounding tissue is what gum diseases do. The early signs of this disease are inflammation of the gums, they become red and swollen. Pain and bleeding might also be seen.
Plaque build-up is one of the main reasons for gum disease. When not cared for, the infection sets in and the inner layer in the gum tissue gets pulled away from the teeth. This will create a socket near the teeth. This becomes an excellent place for the debris and other unwanted particles to collect. Bacterial action takes place very rapidly and the plaque spreads unchecked. Tissues that hold the teeth in place are attacked and the teeth become loose. In this situation, the dentists would recommend removal of teeth. This procedure makes sure that dental health is not compromised.
3. Impacted Teeth
Wisdom teeth usually create worry for people when they erupt. They appear when the rest of the teeth has erupted and lack of space is one of the main reasons why issues crop up. Wisdom teeth bring in more concerns when they are impacted. In this condition, the wisdom teeth do not erupt fully. They are enclosed with the jaw structure, held within the jaw bone. Sometimes they might erupt out only partially.
When this situation arises, it brings much pain and the surrounding area gets swollen. When the teeth partially erupts, it brings in infection and affects other teeth as well. When this happens, dental experts suggests pulling out the impacted teeth. If not removed the jaw structure and oral health get impaired. Supporting and maintaining dental health requires that decay or damaged teeth are removed.
4. Overcrowding and Braces
Irregularities in teeth are corrected using braces. Many have the condition of having ‘too many teeth’. This leads to overcrowding of teeth – not having enough space in the mouth for all the teeth. Teeth become misaligned and crooked as they have to adjust to the available space. This can also lead to other dental problems like bad breath, tooth decay etc.
When braces are worn, they help to straighten and align the crooked teeth. Teeth are pushed slowly to their designated positions in this method. When this happens, the ‘extra’ teeth in the mouth need to be removed. Dentists consult with their patients and show them the desired position of the teeth after braces are worn. Removal of extra teeth is needed to ensure that all the teeth occupy their aligned position. When this is achieved, maintaining and ensuring good cleaning practices of the teeth is also possible. Bad breath, tooth decay can all be arrested to a large extent with this procedure.
5. Trauma/ Accident
Teeth extraction is also needed if mouth and oral area experience trauma. Sports Injury or accidents can bring injury to the mouth. Teeth might dislodge and poke into the soft oral tissue of the mouth. Saving and taking care of dental health is of utmost importance. When such a situation arises, the teeth that are affected due to injury will be removed.